According to the latest calculations, cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death in women.Of course, heart problems concern both sexes, but we, women, have their own special characteristics that must be taken into account in order to prevent a serious illness or accident. Want to know more? Then our today's article is for you!
Many still erroneously believe that heart attacks are a purely male "disease whilescientific research leads us to other statistics: in Western countries, for example, every 90 seconds a heart attack happens... in a woman.But what can we do to prevent this? What needs to be changed in your way of life?
The most common cardiovascular diseases in women
- Atherosclerosis, without a doubt, is the most common disease among women. This is due, first of all, to clusters of adipose tissue and cholesterol, which gradually clog the arteries responsible for transporting blood to the heart. Over time, these arteries do not just become rigid, but they practically do not have
a place for blood, in As a result, the amount of transmitted blood decreases, the heart of this quantity is no longer sufficient, and ischemia or ischemic is developing heart disease. If the blood does not reach the heart, then there will be a heart attack (heart attack). And we must always bear this in mind.
What are the symptoms of women?
- Unfortunately, very often women confuse the symptoms of heart disease with other conditions: fatigue, pain in the back or neck, pain in the abdomen.. While men can feel a sudden pain in their left arm, we, the wife, have symptoms flow in a more diffuse, if I may say so, form - dizziness, severe fatigue and etc.
- Another very important point: pay attention to yourveins located on the neck.If they are very swollen, and along with this you will notice that you have swollen ankles (severe swelling), immediately call an ambulance.
Broken Heart Syndrome or Cardiomyopathy
- This is also a characteristic disease among women. It is connectedwith a very high level of emotional stress.In their daily lives, women tend to deal with a huge number of cases and responsibilities: work, family, children and, in addition, caring for a sick relative, for example. All this leads to the fact that stress acts on women more intensively.
- With cardiomyopathy, the following occurs:the left ventricle of the heart swells as a result of excessive stimulation, causing a slight dysfunction.This is not as serious as myocardial infarction, and not always fatal, but you can not ignore such a state, be sure to take appropriate measures and start treatment on time. The forecast, as a rule, is good.
What are the symptoms of women?
- In fact, the general state of the symptomsare very similar to a heart attack.Did you suddenly feel very tired for that? Feel nausea and pain in the stomach (and in the upper abdomen)? If this is so, and you know that at the moment you are under severe stress, contact your doctor immediately.
How is heart disease linked to menopause?
The connection here is very close. Estrogens in women have excellent functionality. They very effectively protect them from cardiovascular diseases. But when there is a menopause and the level of estrogen in the body is significantly reduced, the following occurs:
- The walls of the blood vessels undergo changes, they become harder, atherosclerotic plaques are formed and thrombi are formed.
- The level of cholesterol in the blood is not changing for the better, the so-called "bad" cholesterol is getting bigger.
- Increases the amount of a substance called fibrinogen, which increases the viscosity (coagulation) of the blood, which as a result leads to heart attacks and strokes.
Infarction in women is special
- As mentioned earlier, the menopause period in women leads to various changes in the body that make us more vulnerable and prone to heart disease. And the drop in estrogen levels is crucial here.
- Thus, the likelihood of developing cardiovascular diseases in women increases with the onset of menopause. But the main difficulty is that, according to studies, after a heart attack, women recover much worse (longer and more difficult) than men. This may be due to the fact thatwomen later seek medical help, spending more time recognizing the symptoms. After all, we often associate our fatigue, pain in the muscles and abdomen with other diseases, even without realizing that our heart is asking for help.
How can I prevent heart disease?
It is very important to take care of your emotional health and try to control the level of stress. In women, the greatest number of cardiovascular diseases is associated with this.
Changes in the habitual way of life
- Eat fruits and vegetables every day: try a day to eat 5 pieces (any fruit or vegetables), plus orange juice or lemon juice. Avoid consumption of canned vegetables, because they contain too much salt. It is recommended to cook vegetables for a couple to save vitamins, and add, if desired, olive oil.
- Reduce salt intake.
- Eat cereals, preferably whole grains: rice, wheat, rye ...
- Nuts: experts recommend eating nuts regularly, as they help to maintain heart health and maintain blood vessels in good condition. Try to eat at least three nuts at breakfast.
- More fish:sardines, mackerel, tuna or salmon, they contain very useful for the body fatty acids Omega-3. In doing so, try to reduce the consumption of red meat.
- Do not smoke, do not abuse alcohol and give up sweet drinks.
- Try to adhere to a five-time meal.A hearty breakfast and light supper, as well as no high-calorie snacks.
- Watch your blood pressure. Measure regularly.
- Watch your blood sugar.
- Try at least one hour a day to allocate for exercise.
- Do not gain excess weight.
- Periodically observe the doctor.
- And, most importantly, take care of your emotional state, try to avoid stressful situations and not worry about trifles.