Nizhny Novgorod is often called the Volga Capital of Russia. The reasons for comparing it with the main hail become apparent to everyone who visited there, got acquainted with its history, saw with his own eyes memorable places and sights.
The city, formed in 1221 at the confluence of the Oka with the Volga, was indeed a five-minute capital. After the fire in Moscow, which happened during the Patriotic War with the French army of Napoleon, it was here that the industrial, merchant and cultural elite began to gather. Soon here is located the largest in Russia Makarevskaya fair.
He did not become a capital then, but this event served as a powerful impetus for his economic and cultural development. It was here that the well-known nationwide craft of painting utensils and furniture - Khokhloma - was born. Today, this city has preserved many monuments of temple, urban architecture and art, confirming its anc
Guests of the city have a lot to see in Nizhny Novgorod. It will be interesting here for traveling students, and for families with children. Here are the most attractive historical places that tourists who have visited visited here recommend:
And that is not all! Only places that are closely connected with the history of the state and the city itself can be listed long and many. But there are many interesting things from the point of view of modern science and culture, landscape richness and diversity. So do not plan a trip for one day, if you want to see all the sights of the Lower.
Having visited Nizhny Novgorod, it is impossible not to visit its historical oldest part in the center - the Kremlin. Pledged in the early 16th century, it was supposed to serve as a fortress-defense against the raids of the Tatar hordes. Managed the construction of an Italian architect, sent from Moscow, Pietro Francesco. Behind the fortified 13th tower wall, a length of two kilometers, housed a military garrison, weapons and warehouses ammunition. Each tower had its name and purpose. The sixteenth century for the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin was saturated with military battles. However, he resisted and never found himself in the hands of the enemy.
With the beginning of January 1714, Peter the Great formed the Nizhny Novgorod Gubernia, and the Kremlin became its administrative center.
Today, the "Stone Town as local residents call it, represents both the historical, artistic, and socio-political part of Russia's culture. In the Ivanovo Tower there is an exposition dedicated to the people's militia of Nizhny Novgorod in 1612. Its leaders were Minin and Pozharsky. Their names remained on the tablets of history as an example of heroism, rallying the Russian people in the face of the interventionists.
The appearance of the Pechersky Monastery on the Novgorod land dates back to 1328 and is attributed to St. Dionysius, who created the monastery in the city in the image and likeness of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. First, the monks who settled in the cave built a small church, which later grew thanks to the help of local residents in the monumental monastery.
This is the cathedral where Dmitry Pozharsky came to Archimandrite Theodosius before deciding to become the head of the people's militia. Here the bells were poured into cannons during the war with the Swedes. Today on its territory there is a museum of the history of the Nizhny Novgorod diocese.
The Annunciation Monastery was one of the first city cathedrals that the Grand Duke Yury Vsevolodovich built in the 13th century. It was located on the right bank of the Oka River. These scenic spots can not be avoided. And although none of the authentic buildings have survived to this day, there remains a legend about the second birth of the temple.
According to this legend, allegedly one day Metropolitan Alexei, going on a dangerous trip to the Horde, passed by the ruins of the Annunciation Monastery. He gave himself a vow to rebuild the building in case of a successful return. Returning unharmed, the metropolitan opened the second breath of monastic life. In the 18th century, a monument of Russian church music of the 12th-13th centuries was found here - Kondakar.
Now the monastery is a large architectural ensemble, a monument in the pseudo-Russian style of the northeastern architecture with an old iconostasis and frescoes. One main cathedral is in perfect harmony with the two churches nearby, Uspenskaya and Alekseevskaya. Here you can visit the bell tower, which is perfectly visible to the Oka and the urban surroundings.
In Nizhny Novgorod there are unique places, where there are many interesting things, where you just need to go with the child. One such is the exotarium on the Great Pskov. Here the largest collection of reptiles, amphibians, mammals, fish, invertebrates and birds is collected in the Volga region. Here you can see animals, which until then had to be met only in photographs and in telecasts:
An interesting history of creation is the city zoo "Limpopo" in the Moscow region. It began with an enclosure for the rescued owl and the family of belchat, where the wolf was beaten and later threw a bear cub, which grew into a bear Lalya. Now this is not just an exhibition. To date, its territory is a whole country. The pride of its creators is a farm, a contact zoo "Russian Village where you can feed and iron animals, feeling their love and warmth.
Come to Nizhny with kids better in the summer. In the warm season the children's railway awaits them here. Get the opportunity to independently manage an old locomotive or diesel locomotive, you can try it in this profession right here. Everything here is real, from ruts and railway transport of various categories to stokers, machinists and ticket-holders, whose age is, of course, 10-16 years old.
Special interest in the concept of recreation with a child in Nizhny Novgorod is the Museum of Entertaining Sciences "Quarks". There is plenty of room for children's imagination and scientific experiment. The territory is divided into zones.
You can spend all day for these lessons.
The Nizhny Novgorod Puppet Theater was founded in 1929 and represents a kind of monument of local architecture. Here, the young spectator can count on watching performances that entice him into the magical world of a fairy tale. Adults who dream of feeling like children again are waiting in the puppet theater for seats in the auditoriums.
In a large cultural center with a lot of cinemas, theaters, entertainment centers, eyes flutter when choosing a place for leisure. But if you came here with a child, you should definitely go to the Nizhny Novgorod Circus, which won the fame of the biggest in Europe. The wooden building, founded by the brothers Nikitin, appeared here in 1883. Three years later, the popularity of this spectacle increased to the need to build a new large stone building. The hall housed an unprecedented number of spectators at that time - 2000 people.
Modern alleys of squares and parks, inscribed in the rich natural landscapes - favorite places for rest of townspeople and guests of Nizhny Novgorod. In the Prioksky district there is an old park called "Switzerland". He was defeated on the picturesque shores of the Oka in the 19th century by the patriots of the city - students of gymnasiums, their parents and teachers. Masters of landscape design talentedly used the possibilities of the natural location of the park and preserved the local catacombs as labyrinths. There is a small free zoo and many attractions on site.
The sights of the Lower are places where you want to come back again and again..