Composition and useful properties of bilberry berries


  • The value of berries
  • Cowberry in medicine and cosmetology
  • Contraindications and cautions
  • How correctly to store berries?
  • Medicinal recipes

Cowberry - a medicinal berry, growing on evergreen shrubs. In natural conditions, the plant is found on glades in a wooded area. Plantations with cultivated shrubs are found in many countries with a temperate climate, including in Russia. What is special about cranberries, useful properties and contraindications of which are discussed by doctors and nutritionists?

The value of berries

The fruits of the plant are considered a medical and dietary product. Caloric content of 100 g of berries is only 46 kcal. Cowberry is 86% water. The remaining part is formed by carbohydrates (8%), proteins (,%) and fats (,%). A small amount of ash substances is present in the fruits.

Useful properties of cowberry are due to its rich chemical composition. In the plant there are such organic acids as apple, salicylic, lemon, tartar, cinchona, gallic. In cowberries there are mineral substances: iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, manganese. Seeds are rich in linolenic and linoleic acid. The flesh of the product is valuable for the presence of pectins, tannins, vitamins PP and A, ascorbic acid, carotene. Thanks to benzoic acid, fruits are stored for a long time without losing useful qualities.

Cowberry collected in ecologically clean regions, cook delicious treats - jams and candied fruits. Fruits are eaten fresh or dried, rubbed with sugar, poured into syrup. Extremely useful berry juices and fruit drinks. With curative purpose they use cowberry water and tea, prepare homeopathic essences.

What effect does the cowberry have on the body?

  • Strengthens and reduces fragility of capillaries, improves the work of the heart.
  • Reduces the level of glucose and cholesterol in the blood.
  • It saturates the body with iron, which helps to increase the level of hemoglobin.
  • Positively affects the peristalsis of the intestine, increases the acidity of the stomach.
  • Removes inflammation, fights microbes.
  • Normalizes the pressure, removes excess fluid from the body.
  • Promotes increased visual acuity.
  • Improves mood, calms, eliminates depression and neuroses.

Cowberry in medicine and cosmetology

Given the useful properties of cranberries, the medicine uses mainly the leaves of the plant. Its berries serve as an antiseptic, astringent and diuretic. Decoction of them is shown for colds, as it copes well with the heat. Lime tea with cowberry jam increases appetite and improves immunity. In addition, the berry enhances the effect of certain drugs - sulfonamides and antibiotics.

In complex therapy, its juice is prescribed as an adjuvant in the treatment of diabetes, measles, malaria, hypertension, skin and stomach cancer. Eating fruits is recommended for patients suffering from gastritis, rheumatism, beriberi, kidney stone disease. Cowberry is useful in problems with vision, nervous disorders. Her water extract has a mild sedative and laxative effect. Honey combined with cowberry makes it easier for people with cough and tuberculosis.

For cosmetic purposes, plant berries are used as a rejuvenating and tonic. On their basis make masks for mature and problem skin of the face. The organic acids contained in the fruit contribute to the delicate exfoliation of the dead cells, thereby triggering the process of renewal of the skin. Salicylic acid in cowberry is decontaminated, thanks to its properties, the cover is slightly dried. This is why berry masks are shown to women with increased skin greasiness, comedones, acne.

Contraindications and cautions

Cowberry has the property of accumulating radioactive substances, so it should be collected away from industrial complexes and motor roads. Medicinal berries, which are a real storehouse of minerals and vitamins, are very useful for pregnant women and women in childbirth, however, you should eat with caution, observing the measure.

There are also specific contraindications to the use of cranberries:

  • gastric ulcer, gastritis with high acidity, cholecystitis;
  • postoperative period, internal bleeding;
  • low blood pressure (hypotension);
  • hypersensitivity, individual intolerance.

How correctly to store berries?

To cranberries for a long time did not lose the healing properties, it is important to store it correctly. You can keep the berry in the fridge by placing it in a jar and a bay with cold water. Another option for storing fruits is preservation. Cowberry must be thoroughly washed, then placed in a sterile jar and covered with sugar (, glass). A week later, when the contents of the tank partially settle, you can pour more fruit. The main disadvantage of this method of storage is that the product partially loses its healing properties due to sugar.

All valuable substances remain in the plant if it is dried. The collected mature cranberries should be sorted by removing crumpled, moldy and damaged fruits, as well as debris. For the drying choose well ventilated rooms. Procurement of raw materials can be made in the open air, but always in the shade. Lay the cranberries in one layer, laying paper under it. Dried fruits are sieved to get rid of foreign matter and dust. Then they are poured into a canvas or paper bag, where they store no more than three years.

Medicinal recipes

The plant is useful to include in the daily diet in fresh, pickled, candied and wet form. A popular dish in the cold season is sauerkraut with cabbage. Using a coffee grinder, dry fruits can be grinded into powder. In the future, it is useful to add the extracted extract to homemade caramel as filling, on its basis to prepare jelly and drinks.

  • Lingonberry water. In a three-liter jar, a kilogram of fresh fruit is covered. Cowberry is poured with boiled chilled water over the "hangers" of the container. Next, the can is tightly closed with polyethylene and put in a cool place. Cowberry water is drunk with constipation.
  • Cold drink (mors). From fresh berries squeeze out the juice, which is then diluted with boiled chilled water. If desired, you can sweeten the fruit with honey. For 100 ml of cranberry juice take 300 ml of water. Drink a drink four times a day (after each meal) for 100 ml.
  • Cranberry infusion. The remedy is indicated for colitis, gastritis, liver and kidney diseases. Fruits of the plant (200 g) are transferred to a colander and thoroughly washed. Pure cranberries are poured into a sterile liter jar, pour it with boiled cooled water (400 ml). Withstand 6 hours. The resulting infusion is divided into four times, drink before eating.
  • Cowberry compote. Ripe fruit is washed, dried and placed in sterile cans. A syrup is made: 600 g of sugar and 600 ml of water are taken to make a liter of the solution. Pour lingonberry still hot liquid. Banks with compote are covered with lids, sterilized for a third of an hour and corked.
  • Wet lingonberry. Fruits are washed and dried. Pure cranberries are transferred to an enamel saucepan. Based on its quantity, brew syrup. The solution must be so much that the fruits are completely covered. To prepare the syrup for each liter of water, take 50 g of sugar, 6 g of table salt, sweet pepper and cinnamon. The finished solution is cooled. Fill them with cranberries, and put the pan in a cool dark place.
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