Atherosclerosis and hypertension: how two diseases are associated and how to treat them

Arterial hypertension can act both as an independent disease and as a secondary disorder against the background of other pathologies of the cardiovascular system. Two diseases that are typical for the elderly are atherosclerosis and hypertension. Both pathologies are interrelated, lead to early disability and, without adequate treatment, shorten the life expectancy of patients.

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Content

  • 1How does atherosclerosis affect the pressure?
  • 2Symptoms of atherosclerosis and hypertension
  • 3Medication
  • 4Folk remedies
  • 5Diet

How does atherosclerosis affect the pressure?

It is known that hypertension can be a consequence of atherosclerosis. Cerebral atherosclerosis with hypertension is a fairly common diagnosis. The disease is characterized by a change in the lumen of the vessels of the brain, a violation of blood circulation and an increase in vascular tone.

Both diseases are related to age-related pathologies. Atherosclerosis is associated with the deposition of cholesterol plaques on the walls of blood vessels. They are lipid compounds that eventually increase in size and narrow the lumen of the vessels. This provokes an increase in vascular tone.

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When atherosclerosis occurs:

  • circulatory disturbance;
  • deterioration of oxygen transport to the cells of organs;
  • disturbance of cardiac activity.

The predicted complication of severe atherosclerosis is ischemic heart disease.

The change in the vascular tone in atherosclerosis and disruption of the myocardium leads to the development of heart failure and hypertension. As a result, the pressure on the vessels increases, as plaques exert pressure and provoke a change in tone, and hypertension strikes a blow at the target organs.

Cholesterol plaques decrease the lumen of the vessels, which leads to an increase in pressure

Nevertheless, hypertension and atherosclerosis can develop in parallel, as two separate diseases.

Atherosclerosis and arterial hypertension are characterized by the same complications. Both pathologies provoke the development of myocardial infarction, stroke of the brain, can cause the development of left ventricular failure and ischemic disease.

In atherosclerosis, thromboses are a hazard. This is nothing but small fragments of lipid deposits separated from the walls of blood vessels. With blood flow, they pass through blood vessels and arteries and in certain areas can create an obstacle to normal blood circulation. There arises a blockage of the artery thrombus, blood circulation is disturbed, myocardial infarction or stroke develops.

With hypertension, there is a rapid increase in blood pressure. The body does not have time to adapt to such changes, blood circulation and oxygen supply to important organs are disrupted. In severe cases, a rapid increase in pressure provokes myocardial infarction and stroke of the brain.

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Atherosclerosis and hypertension are characterized by high mortality. Both diseases reduce the patient's life expectancy by 7-10 years.

Symptoms of atherosclerosis and hypertension

Atherosclerosis of vessels and hypertension are two different diseases, with different symptoms, but the same risks for the health and life of the patient.

Both pathologies develop slowly, but are steadily progressing. Atherosclerosis is characterized by symptoms of cerebral circulation disorders:

  • decrease in cognitive functions of the brain;
  • change in the psychoemotional state;
  • sleep disorders;
  • dizziness;
  • noise and ringing in the ears.

These symptoms explain the atherosclerotic lesion of the cerebral arteries, which is characterized by cerebral arteriosclerosis, weighed down by hypertension. The disease develops slowly, which often makes diagnosis difficult. Reduction of cognitive functions does not become noticeable in one day. The patient gradually weakens memory, attention is impaired, working capacity decreases. The severity and severity of the symptoms of atherosclerosis depends on the size of the plaques that disrupt the circulation because of partial obstruction of the vessels.

Hypertension, burdened with atherosclerosis, is at risk of developing hypertensive encephalopathy. This is due to impaired cerebral circulation due to lipid deposits in the walls of blood vessels with a simultaneous increase in blood pressure.

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Fainting memory and attention - symptoms that develop gradually

Medication

For the treatment of hypertension and atherosclerosis apply:

  • drugs that lower cholesterol;
  • hypotensive drugs;
  • cardioprotectors;
  • means for normalization of cerebral circulation.

The choice of medicines is carried out by a doctor. Parallel treatment of these two diseases can reduce the rate of progression of cardiovascular disorders and avoid dangerous complications.

The basis for the treatment of atherosclerosis is the administration of drugs that lower the level of cholesterol. These drugs include statins - Zocor, Fluvastin, Lovastatin. The choice of drugs, the purpose of the scheme and the duration of taking pills is determined by the doctor individually.

To control blood pressure, hypotensive drugs are taken. The choice of the drug depends on the overall health of the patient. The drugs of the first line of treatment are ACE inhibitors (Captopril, Elanopril) and sartans (Lazartan, Lozap, Telmisartan). These drugs provide a full-fledged control of blood pressure, while preventing its sharp decline.

The main rule in the simultaneous treatment of atherosclerosis and hypertension is to avoid sudden pressure spikes. Because of the cholesterol deposits, a rapid change in blood pressure is accompanied by a violation of blood circulation and lack of oxygen, which can lead to hypoxia of the brain.
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If the cognitive function is impaired, the doctor may prescribe nootropics or medications that improve cerebral circulation. These drugs improve the memory and concentration of the patient, return work capacity.

In addition, prescribe vitamins and special supplements with cardioprotective action, for example, magnesium preparations.

Folk remedies

Atherosclerosis and arterial hypertension lead to a change in the tone of the arteries. In the late stages of the development of diseases, these changes can be irreversible, so a surgical operation is prescribed to remove large plaques. Folk remedies are recommended for the prevention of atherosclerosis, but not for the treatment of this pathology. In the absence of contraindications, it is allowed to use folk methods in addition to drug therapy in the initial stages of hypertension and atherosclerosis.

  1. Mix three large spoons of dried rose hips, cucumber leaves and hawthorn. To the collection should be added one spoon of dill, motherwort and oregano. After thoroughly mixing the collection, it is necessary to measure 3 spoons of the mixture and pour two liters of boiling water. The container with the infusion should be wrapped with a towel and left for 5 hours. The medicine is taken before each meal of 100 ml. Such a collection simultaneously reduces the pressure due to the diuretic effect, reduces the level of cholesterol in the blood, positively affects the function of the kidneys and the nervous system.
  2. A popular remedy for high cholesterol is a mixture of onion juice with natural honey. It is necessary to rub or grind the onion, and then strain the resulting mass through gauze. Mix 4 large juice boxes with the same amount of honey and place in a convenient container. The medicine should be consumed daily for 2 small spoons. The agent can be stored in the refrigerator.
  3. To lower cholesterol, you can brew mother-and-stepmother, leaves of strawberries, raspberries, St. John's wort. These plants are taken as tea, brewing half a teaspoon of leaves in a glass of boiling water. Such drinks should be drunk daily for 1-2 cups.

To lower the level of cholesterol, it is recommended to take additional preparations, selected by a doctor. It should be remembered that folk therapy is inferior in effectiveness to drug treatment.

Diet

It is important to exclude from the diet cholesterol-containing products

Each patient, faced with these pathologies, must master the rules of nutrition in hypertension and atherosclerosis. Selection of a diet for hypertension and atherosclerosis can be performed independently, such a diet can be used for atherosclerosis.

The diet is based on the following principles:

  • minimum fat in the diet;
  • maximum of fruits and vegetables;
  • regular use of cereals;
  • introduction to the diet of berries;
  • restriction of salt intake.

With atherosclerosis, it is necessary to exclude from the diet all foods provoking an increase in the level of cholesterol - this is butter, any offal, eggs. It is allowed to eat low-fat fish, low-fat cottage cheese, any cereals and low-fat cheeses. With hypertension, it is important to reduce salt intake, as it detains fluid in the body. The permissible amount of sodium per day is no more than 4 g.

To reduce pressure and strengthen blood vessels, it is recommended to use berries, herbal preparations and teas with the addition of medicinal herbs. In the diet should be introduced fresh sheaf greens.

The presence of excess weight burdens the course of hypertension and atherosclerosis. It is recommended to reduce the number of calories in the daily diet to gradually reduce body weight.

In addition to drug treatment and diet, the patient must completely abandon bad habits, regularly engage in moderate physical activity and normalize the daily routine. A useful food additive for hypertension and atherosclerosis is fish oil. The introduction of this substance into the treatment regimen will help to gradually normalize the pressure and lower the level of cholesterol. In addition, fish oil positively affects the work of the myocardium and increases the elasticity of the vessels.

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