Bleeding from the nose, or nasal hemorrhage (epistaxisin Latin) - a symptom of many ailments or diseases, which often appears at the most inopportune moments.It is very annoying, especially when the blood can stain our clothes.
Such bleeding happens at all, and usually there is nothing terrible in it, but sometimes it can be a sign of serious health problems: damage to the nasal cavity,allergiesor problems with blood vessels.
What causes bleeding from the nose?
Bleeding from the nosecan occur when the nasal mucosa dries up and hardens. Then on it there are cracks, and it causesbleeding. Often this symptom appears in people taking anticoagulants, or in elderly people who have blood coagulation more time.
Other possible causes of nasal bleeding:.
- When we blow up too much
- Blows into the nose area
- Insufficient air humidity
- High altitude above sea level
- Drug use
- Lack of calcium in the body
- High blood pressure
How to stop bleeding from the nose?
First of all, you need to sit up straight and tilt your head forward.
- Salty water:Dissolve a pinch of salt in a glass of water. Then use a syringe to inject this salt water into your nose.
- Lemon:When the nose is bleeding, drip into it one or two drops of lemon juice. They should fall just in the place of bleeding.
- Vinegar:It is also good to moisten a piece of sterilized gauze in a weak solution of vinegar and put it on the nose for ten minutes.
- Cold compress:Put on a bridge of napkin, soaked in cold water. As a result, narrowed veins and bleeding stops.
- Ice: Icealso helps stop bleeding in the nose. You just need to attach it to the bridge of your nose for a couple of minutes.
- Wet towel:To quickly stop nosebleeds, you can attach a wet towel to your head.
- Blowshare:Finally, you need to gently blow your nose to remove a blood clot that can interfere with normal breathing.
What to do to avoid nasal bleeding
Of course, bleeding from the nose is best prevented.To do this, you need to implement the following recommendations:
- If you have nosebleeds,drink eight glasses of water (200 ml) per day.This will help to avoid the drying of the nasal mucosa and the formation of cracks in it.
- Try not to stay too long in air-conditioned rooms.This air has insufficient moisture, and this contributes to nosebleeds.
- Clean the nasal mucosa with petroleum jelly or irrigate it with saline.This will prevent its drying, especially in the case of sinusitis or colds.
- Try not to blow your nose too hard.
- To maintain the moisture of the nasal mucosalubricate it with a small amount of vitamin E. It is enough simply to lubricate the cotton wool with its oil solution and place it in the nostrils.
- Increase your intake of vitamin C.It strengthens the walls of the capillaries and is part of the collagen, and collagen fibers are an important component of the mucosa and promote its hydration.
When should I see a doctor?
Rare nosebleeds can signal some health problems. If they occur frequently and for no apparent reason, you need to urgently consult a doctor, as this may be a symptom of a dangerous illness, for example, leukemia.
It is also necessary to consult a doctor immediately,if the bleeding lasts twenty or more minutesif there is a significant lossbloodor as a result of a stroke or an accident, serious damage occurred.