Diabetes: everything you need to know about this disease

DiabetesWhile it is not considered one of the main evils of the 21st century - such as fullness and a sedentary lifestyle. But in this casediabetesis one of the most widespread diseases in the world and represents a rather serious danger, the avoidance of which is not so easy.

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The World Health Organization (WHO) regards diabetes as a real epidemic. A similar conclusion was made because of the high number of people suffering from this disease.

According to this international organization, diabetes is a very serious danger.That is why the International Diabetes Federation was established within WHO.It should be noted that this federation has been working on combating this disease since the 1950s.

What is diabetes?

Before plunging into the world of this disease, it is necessary to clearly understand what it is about.Diabetes is an irreversible chronic metabolic disorder.

According to WHO, diabetes develops when the pancreas stops producing the necessary amounts of insulin or when the human body stops using insulin properly.

The International Diabetes Federation considers insulin a hormone produced by the pancreas, which is necessary for the processing of glucose, supplied together with food in the human body and present in his blood, in energy.

Types of diabetes

There are three types of disease:

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Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes)

According to WHO, the reasons for the development of this type of diabetes are still unknown.Such diabetes is characterized by a decrease or total cessation of insulin production. Such patients need daily injections of insulin.

That is why this type of diabetes is called insulin-dependent.

Diabetes type 2 (insulin-independent diabetes)

It is this type of diabetes that most often occurs in people all over the world.The main factors affecting its development are a sedentary lifestyle and excess weight.

Such a diabetes is manifested by the fact that the human body ceases to properly use insulin.

Diabetes of pregnant women

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The main characteristic of this type of disease is the increase in blood sugar in women during pregnancy.

WhereinThe level of glucose in the blood remains slightly elevatedand does not reach the dangerous indicators characteristic of "normal" diabetes. That is why such a diabetes is isolated in a separate group.

Which countries suffer the most from diabetes?

As we have already said, in our days diabetes has become one of the most common diseases in the world.

The experts came to this opinion taking into account the total number of registered cases of this disease. It is important to note that the number of people with diabetes varies from country to country.

Which countries are the most affected by diabetes?Now we will tell you about it in detail:

  • China.This country is one of the world record holders in terms of population. Therefore, it is in China that most people who have diabetes become infected. So, in this country there are about 92 million registered cases.
  • India. Another country with a large number of residents. In India there are about 63 million people with diabetes.
  • USA. It is the United States of America that ranks third in the world in terms of the number of people with diabetes. About 24 million people have been officially registered in this country.

These indicators are relative, because it is necessary to take into account the ratio of the number of people affected to the total population.

In this case, the highest percentage of people with diabetes is observed in Micronesia (Oceania).Here, 37% of the population suffers from diabetes. This percentage includes residents between the ages of 20 and 79 years.

Technological progress

The medical community, led by the International Diabetes Federation, conducted a series of studies to improve the quality of life of diabetic patients.

So, an external method of obtaining insulin was developed, which can replace ordinary injections.It is an adhesive tape the size of a coin.

This is stated in a study published in the journal of the American Academy of Sciences. It talks about the successful development of groups of academic universities in North Carolina.

"We have developed a new fast-acting way of treating diabetes, which is easy to use. This tool is developed from natural biological materials ", - said the head of the study group, Professor Zen Gu from the State University of North Carolina.

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