Plastic. Everywhere we are surrounded by objects made of this material. They can be found in shops, at home, at work. Even during the rest we can not do without them.
50 years ago, a real revolution took place in the life and everyday life of a person - we entered our daily lifeplastic. Throughout the world, people have begun to make extensive use of this material.The main problem is that plastic destroys our planet, causing great harm to the environment, contaminating water and land.
Today we would like to talk about why plastic is considered a quiet killer and what measures people should take to reduce the negative consequences of using this material.
Plastic: Does it improve or worsen our life?
As for the life of modern man, plastic has firmly entered the everyday life of each of us.
We use plastic utensils, polyethylene film and containers for storing food and other items.In the house of each of us you can find a large number of plastic items used for housekeeping and recreation.In other words, they surround us everywhere.
We can assume that the periodic use of such items increases the standard of living of a person.But what consequences for the planet and our health face such convenience in the future?Is its price too high?
To find out what type of plastic is made of a particular object at home or at work, you need to look at the symbols indicated on its bottom. Here you will see a triangle containing several numbers and letters.This is a special code that can be decrypted.
The fact is that it is the type of plastic used that determines the degree of harm it causes.
Most often, the following types of plastic are used in everyday life:
PET (polyethylene terephthalate)
Perhaps, this type of plastic is the most common. It is from it that plastic bottles are made.Polyethylene terephthalate is a single-use material.
Repeated use of such containers may threaten the ingress of heavy metals and chemicals into the human body,disturbing the hormonal background..
HDP (High Density Polyethylene)
You can say that this is the most "useful" plastic. But this does not mean that it does not pose any danger.The chemical elements contained in it pollute the water.
LDP (low density polyethylene)
The chemicals contained in this form of plastics pollute water bodies. It is used for the production of plastic bags into which products are packaged.
PVC or 3V (polyvinyl chloride)
Polyvinyl chloride contains dangerous toxic substances that disrupt the human hormonal background.Despite the fact that these harmful effects of the use of PVC for human health have been proven, it is still used in industry. So, it is used in the production of bottles.
Polypropylene refers to the least dangerous types of plastic.As a rule, it has a white color or is transparent.It makes bottles for medicines, containers for yoghurts, creams, etc.
This plastic is used to pack instant food or disposable cups.Polystyrene contains chemical compounds that increase the risk of developing cancer(among other diseases).
This is the most dangerous of the types of plastic in contact with food. It releases toxic substances that pose a danger to human health.The bad news is that it is used to make baby bottles and bottles for sports..
Diseases caused by the use of plastic
The University of Miguel Hernández in Alicante, Spain, conducted a study on bisphenol A, a substance present in most items made from plastic.
Toothbrushes, baby bottles, nipples and many other items contain bisphenol A.According to the results of the study, this substance is capable of causing disturbances in the metabolism of fats and glucose. In the future, this can threaten a person with the appearance of diabetes and liver diseases.
Also, bisphenol A can increase the oxidative stress of the body and increase the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.
Bisphenol A disrupts the pancreas or causes insulin resistance.
It is possible that this fact partially explains the fact of a large number of people with diabetes. So, according to WHO,in 2014, the number of people with diabetes worldwide was 422 million people.
This chemical breaks the endocrine system of a person. But on this its negative consequences for our health do not end.
Many chemicals are contained in pesticides, which later fall into the vegetables and fruits that we eat.Other dangerous chemical compounds for our health are contained in the packaging of daily food we eat.
Unsafe chemicals enter our body not only with food, but also as a result of contact with other objects: solvents, paints, glue, dentures.
As for bisphenol A, its use in everyday life is so widespread, that we begin to contact this substance immediately after birth (or even being an embryo).
What other diseases can cause toxic substances contained in plastic? This list is quite extensive. Over the past 30 years, the number of cases of human diseases such as:
- Cancer (breast, uterus, ovaries, cervix, brain, lung, prostate, liver)
- Ovarian cysts, infertility, spontaneous abortion
- Hyperactivity and attention deficit
- Early puberty in girls
- Deformities of the reproductive organ in boys
- Parkinson's disease
- Cardiovascular diseases and obesity.
How to protect yourself from the dangers of plastic?
Perhaps, the first thought that you will have, will completely abandon the use of plastic.But is it possible? Hardly. As we have already said, plastic is too firmly embedded in our life.
But in our power to take some security measures and adjust some of our habits so thatOur contact with plastic objects became minimal.The game is worth the candle, because the health of man, animals, plants and the state of the environment are at stake. In other words, the health of our entire planet. For this it is recommended to take the following measures:
- Avoid food and drinks packed in plastic.
- Try not to use plastic utensils and containers to store and warm food.
- Give preference to glass containers and stainless steel kitchenware in the kitchen.
- Refuse the products and drinks sold in plastic containers.
- Choose glass baby bottles (although it seems to you that they are more dangerous, because they can be broken).
- Do not buy toys from flexible plastic.Take care that the child does not chew and does not suck plastic objects.
- Do not use plastic utensils to heat foods in the microwave oven.Before you warm up the food, carefully look to the food was not a plastic film or plastic packaging. The same applies to foam.
- Dispose of damaged or scratched containers in a timely manner.
- Do not store water in plastic bottles.
- Do not gnaw the fountain pens and other plastic objects.
Thanks to this you not only save yourself from the occurrence of various diseases, but also make a small contribution to the suspension of pollution of our planet.