How to treat arterial hypertension - drugs, lifestyle and folk remedies

Content:
  • Methods of treatment of hypertension
  • Change in lifestyle
  • Medicinal treatment
  • Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • Sartans
  • Beta-blockers
  • Diuretics
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Other drugs
  • Treatment regimen for hypertension
  • Folk remedies
  • Sanatorium treatment
  • Video - nWhether it is necessary to drink tablets at the raised or increased pressure

High blood pressure or hypertension is the reason for the poor health of many people over 40 years of age. The main danger and insidiousness of this pathology is its invisibility. Most people do not feel without measurement whether their blood pressure is normal.

The disease remains unidentified, the person suffers from high blood pressure for many years and does not receive treatment. And the diagnosis is established when complications of hypertension are detected: strokes, heart attacks, heart rhythm disturbances, loss of vision.

. The impact of hypertension on various organs

Among the risk factors that contribute to the development of hypertension, distinguish:

  • Smoking;
  • Overweight;
  • Stress;
  • Heredity;
  • Age;
  • Increased cholesterol in the blood.

These moments individually or in aggregate are found in many people. It is important to undergo regular medical examinations with a local doctor, even if nothing is bothering you. Early detection of high blood pressure allows you to begin treatment on time. And if the drugs are chosen correctly, it will protect against complications in the future.

Methods of treatment of hypertension

. Hypertension: symptoms, prevention, treatment

Among today's options, than to treat arterial hypertension, there are:

  • Changing the way of life;
  • Drug treatment;
  • Treatment with folk remedies;
  • Sanatorium treatment and physiotherapy.
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Change in lifestyle

. How to prevent hypertension

It is recommended at all stages of development of hypertension.Scientists have shown that quitting smoking and drinking alcohol daily normalizes blood pressure. If you have excess weight, weight loss is advised. Reducing the body weight for every 5 kg reduces the upper blood pressure by 4 units.

Regular physical activity trains the cardiovascular system.Aerobic exercises are useful:walking, skiing, swimming, cycling. Moderate workloads for 30 minutes every day allow you to lower your blood pressure at rest.

Recommendations for lifestyle changes also affect nutrition:

  • The use of table salt is limited to 5 grams per day.
  • The diet is advised to be low-calorie, with a decrease in the number of animal fats.
  • Daily consumption of 400 grams of fresh fruits and vegetables, according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, reduces the risk of strokes and heart attacks.

In the early stages, when pressure rises infrequently and does not exceed 160/90 mm Hg, it is possible to use for only a few months only a lifestyle change without drugs. With the regular appearance of symptoms of hypertension, it is necessary to use medication.

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Medicinal treatment

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Drugs for the treatment of hypertension, called antihypertensive. In the beginning, one agent is used.This approach is called-monotherapy.

A significant increase in pressure will require a combination of funds:use two, three or four drugs from different groups.

Selects funds for hypertensive physician-therapist or cardiologist. Diagrams for arterial hypertension are selected based on the concomitant conditions: diabetes, pregnancy, kidney failure. Modern drugs enhance the effect of each other, reducing even very high blood pressure. All drugs that are used today to reduce blood pressure are divided into several groups.

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Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors

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ACEIs a substance that helps narrow the blood vessels in the kidneys. In response, the kidneys produce a hormone that increases blood pressure. ACE inhibitors interrupt this process, not giving pressure to rise.

This group is more common in the treatment of hypertension. Effective drugs that have a minimum number of side effects.One of the frequent side effects is a dry cough.Sometimes he needs to cancel the drug. ACE inhibitors can cause malformations of the fetus, so you can not take them to young women who plan the baby, as well as pregnant women.

Active substance Commercial names
Enalapril Enap, Berlipril
Lisinopril Diroton, Lysinoton
Perindopril Prestarium, Perineva
Zofenopril Zokaridis
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Sartans

These drugs act very similar to ACE inhibitors. They do not allow the substance, narrowing the vessels, to act on the cells. Sartans, like ACE inhibitors, can not be used in women planning a pregnancy. But these drugs do not cause a side effect in the form of a dry cough. Therefore, Sartans appoint, if the cough appeared from the drugs of the previous group.

Active substance Commercial names
Losartan Lorista, Lozap
Walsartan Walsakor, Wales
Telmisartan Mykardis, the Priter
Olmesartan Cardosal, Olişlimra
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Beta-blockers

They "calm" the heart, making his heartbeat rarer.When taking beta-blockers, it is necessary to monitor the heart rate. If it falls below 60 per minute, then the dosage of the drug is better reduced.

Active substance Commercial names
Metoprolol Egilok, Betalock
Nebivalol Nebilet, Binelol, Novotenz
Carvedilol Albertor, Albertor Long
Bisoprolol Concor, Coronal, Cordinorm

Beta-blockers are undesirable to use when:

  • Bronchial asthma;
  • Diabetes mellitus;
  • Some violations of the rhythm of the heart.
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Diuretics

Medications that reduce the volume of fluid in the body by increasing the excretion of urine. The amount of blood in the vessels decreases - the pressure decreases. Diuretics are not used in the form of monotherapy. They are always used in combination with other groups.

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Strong diuretics- Furosemide, Torasemide - prescribed only with severe swelling. These are dangerous drugs that can not be taken without the supervision of a doctor.

Active substance Commercial names
Hypothiazide Preparations with the prefix "H Enap H
Indapamide Arifon, Indap
Chlorthalidone Oxydoline, drugs with the prefix "Clo" - Edarby Clos
Spironolactone Veroshpiron, Aldakton
Furosemide Lasix
Torasemide Britomar, Diver
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Calcium channel blockers

Expand the vessels of the whole body. The wider the lumen of blood vessels - the lower the blood pressure. Calcium channel blockers work well in the elderly, as well as in people with diabetes.

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Among the calcium channel blockers there are drugs that accelerate the heart rate - Amlodipine, or slowing down - Diltiazem:

  • Amlodipine - Norvasc, Normodipine;
  • Nifedipine - Corinthar, Cordipine;
  • Lercanidipine - Lercamen;
  • Diltiazem - Cardil;
  • Verapamil is isoptin.
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Other drugs

These are substances that act on the receptors of the brain or on the alpha receptors of blood vessels.

. Used much less often, mainly if the following groups are ineffective or contraindicated:

  • Doxazosin is a drug that acts on the alpha receptors of blood vessels. Reduces blood pressure, can be used in combination with other antihypertensive drugs.
  • Clofelin is an old drug that dramatically reduces blood pressure by acting on the brain's receptors.
  • Moxonidine - an effective means for reducing blood pressure, especially good for crises.
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Treatment regimen for hypertension

. Most hypertensive patients need several drugs. There are standard combinations, which are called fixed. Such tablets are convenient to take - 1-2 times a day. They effectively reduce high blood pressure even in hypertensive patients with experience.

These drugs are included in the scheme of doctors for the treatment of hypertension:

  • ACE inhibitor and diuretic: Enap H, Enap HL, Noliprel, Co-perineva.
  • Sartan and diuretic: Lorista H, Co-Sprove, Edarby Clos, Cardosal Plus.
  • Beta-blocker and diuretic: Tenorik, Tenonorm, Lodoz.
  • Beta-blocker and calcium blocker: Tenochek, Concor AM.
  • ACE inhibitor and calcium blocker: Koripren, Tenliza, Prestan.

To the new in the treatment of high blood pressure it is necessary to classify combinations of three antihypertensive drugs.

They can be used in hypertensive patients who are not helped by two drugs from different groups:

  • Ko-Dalnev:Perindopril + Amlodipine + Indapamide;
  • Twinst:Valsartan + Amlodipine + Hypothiazide.

In the future, such combinations will become larger. This is an effective way to control pressure by taking only 1-2 tablets per day. Such medications are convenient for working people, the elderly, who can forget to take the drug several times.

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Folk remedies

. The methods of folk medicine are best used in combination with medicines. Herbal preparations are not able to significantly reduce blood pressure. If it reaches high figures regularly or if there are complications, it is difficult to cope with the disease only by folk remedies.

But in the complex therapy, herbal preparations are effective:

  • Infusions based on pine cones.To prepare the infusion, a liter jar is filled with cones and filled with vodka. After 2-3 weeks the tincture is considered ready. It is taken on a teaspoon three times a day. Extract of pine cones contains a large number of phytophlavonoids and other biological active substances. They support the vessels in a tone, prevent the formation of clots, improve the nutrition of the heart and brain.
  • Flax seeds.They are rich in omega-unsaturated fatty acids. These substances interfere with the development of atherosclerosis. Due to this, the vessels do not taper, the blood flow is maintained in a normal state, the pressure does not rise. Flax seeds are eaten raw, used as an additive to salads or snacks.
  • Garlic infusion.Two cloves of garlic are cut and poured with water. After 12 hours the broth can be drunk. Taking a glass of this liquid twice a day can reduce the pressure in some people. Garlic improves the condition of the wall of the vessels, does not allow the deposition of cholesterol.
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Sanatorium treatment

Sanatorium treatment is recommended for stable arterial hypertension, if there are no significant signs of heart failure. It is better to choose a sanatorium in the same climatic zone. With hypertension of 1-2 stages, without a crisis current, it is allowed to visit sanatoriums of more southern climatic zones.

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Video - nWhether it is necessary to drink tablets at the raised or increased pressure

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The permit for the resort is issued by the district therapist. In the map, he will reflect the exact diagnosis, from which the doctor in the sanatorium will select physiotherapy methods for the treatment of hypertensive disease. Hypertonics are useful for terrenkur - walking, consisting of moderate ascents and descents, with places for rest. Such exercises strengthen the cardiovascular system.

In most sanatoriums there are massage courses that have a beneficial effect on the condition of the vessels of the neck and overall well-being. Many recommend warm baths in short courses, static shower.

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