Moles themselves are very common and are known to represent small spots on the skin that appear in childhood or adolescence. Moles are formed as a result of the action of cells in our body, which produce a pigment called melanocyte. Another birthmark is called nevus (if you refer to medical terminology), they can have a different form, be flat or convex, smooth or embossed, the color can also vary from light brown to dark, almost black. In some cases, birthmarks can even be almost the same color as the skin.
Most of the moles we have on the body do not pose any health hazard, so there is no need to remove them. Each person on the body has an average of about 12 moles, although among us there are also those who have more than a hundred. Some moles are very attractive (depending on the shape and location where they are located) and are one of the components of our image.
However, if the birthmark suddenly changes its color, size or shape, it is necessary to urgently consult a dermatologist.
Dysplastic or atypical nevuses, as a rule, are larger in size than ordinary birthmarks, they can reach a size of one centimeter or more. Their shape can also vary, as, in fact, the color: from the light can become very dark, a pink areola may appear..
Many people who have more than one hundred moles or so are more at risk for atypical ones, especially in old age, and they can appear in any part of the body.For this reason, you should regularly examine yourself, paying special attention to the areas of the body that are most often closed by clothing. Most of all, you should take care of yourself to those people who already had precedents in the family: for example, someone from relatives had atypical moles (or even melanoma), since this is a hereditary disease, and if you ignore the changes and do not take any measures in time, then cancer can develop skin.
People with atypical moles should always be extremely attentive to any changes that may occur to them. With any doubts, it is better not to postpone and seek advice from a specialist (dermatologist or oncologist). As a preventive measure, you should ensure that your skin is adequately protected from the sun,always use sunscreen, since the sun's rays are one of the factors that increase the risk of developing skin cancer.
How do I know if my usual birthmark or something is wrong with it?
It is very important to learn how to identify pathologically dangerous birthmarks, for this you need to regularly examine your skin for any changes, so you immediately notice the onset of this process, when the mole begins to transform into a malignant formation, and that this does not result in skin cancer, it is necessary to take into account following:
- Suspicious moles are those withasymmetry is observed,that is, if you visually divide it in half, then the halves will differ from each other. You can also start to worry if you began to change in size, change your form, thickness and structure (to become bumpy, bifurcate, and so forth.);
- The edges become uneven and lose "clarity", the birthmark seems to blur.
- Birthmark becomes heterogeneous in color, that is, it can be two-color or multi-colored.
- The size of the melanoma in diameter can be about 6 mm, or even less. The size varies.
In case you notice one or more of the above signs, it is better not to lose time and immediately seek help from doctor, because otherwise, the changes will progress and the usual mole can become a very serious threat not only to your health, but also life(in case the diagnosis of melanoma is confirmed). Remember that it is always better to prevent the development of a disease than to treat it. And if the melanoma does happen, you can not lose precious time and take the necessary measures as soon as possible to stop the development of the disease in time. In any case, never give up! Do not let the diseases prevail over you, this applies to all ailments, no matter what serious disease you are talking about.