Sleep Disorderscan portend degenerative diseases of the nervous system. This especially applies to the phase of fast sleep, or fast eye movements (BDG) (in English, this abbreviation looks like REM, abbreviated "rapid eye movement ").
In this article we will tell you whichsleep disorders, according to different studies, they give such signals.
What are sleep disorders?
Sleep disorders are all problems that arise during sleep and sleep and interfere with normal sleep. Of course, they are not only in people suffering from Parkinson's disease, dementia or Alzheimer's disease.
When the normal cycle of sleep and wakefulness is disturbed,as a rule, the physical and mental state of a person worsens, negative emotions begin to prevail in him.
We list the main violations of sleep:
- Sleep apnea (respiratory movement stop)
- Enuresis (incontinence in the sleep, often in children)
- Insomnia (not restoring the power of sleep, inadequate or restless)
- Restless legs syndrome (legs constantly move during sleep)
- Sleep paralysis (a condition where muscle paralysis occurs before falling asleep, or awakening occurs before it falls off)
- Nightmares (sudden awakenings with a nightmare experience)
- Sleepwalking (walking or other activity during sleep)
- Narcolepsy (increased drowsiness, which can "attack" a person at any time and in any place)
Less common are such sleep disorders:
- Idiopathic hypersomnia (need to sleep for an additional four hours, since a night's sleep badly restores strength)
- Constant hypersomnia (need to sleep up to twenty hours a day)
- Idiopathic insomnia (neurological disturbance of the sleep / wake cycle, the person hardly falls asleep and very often awakens)
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REM-sleep phase and neurodegenerative diseases
Researchers from the Department of Neurology of Barcelona's Hospital Clínic found thatfeatures of the course of the REM-phase of human sleep allow us to judge the presence or possibility of developing some diseases in it, such as Parkinson's disease or senile dementia.
Those who during the REM-phase of sleep dream that they are attacked or chased by them (while the person jerks hands and feet, as if striking, and makes cries), can with rather high probability become ill with one of the neurodegenerative diseases. This is due to the fact that too little dopamine is produced in their brain.
Anyone can go to the clinic for a survey and find out what kind of sleep disturbances they have and what they can portend in the future.
Such an examination is carried out on an outpatient basis.At the same time, the behavior of the patient during the REM sleep phase is fixed and the probability of development of certain neurodegenerative diseases is estimated.
This makes it possible to take timely measures to prevent narcolepsy, cerebral circulation disorders and even neurodegenerative diseases. Such a test also helps to detect breathing disorders in sleep, such as apnea and snoring.
Sleep disorders and neurological diseases
At the Department of Pulmonology at the University Hospital in Ciudad Real, where respiratory disturbances are treated, scientific conference "Treatment of sleep disorders where the issue of the connection between epilepsy and impaired sleep.
According to neurologist Maria Goodin,Epileptic manifestations are often difficult to differentiate from sleep problems.
Her colleague Mercedes Munoz noted that Parkinson's disease (by its prevalence, it ranks second among neurodegenerative diseases) often occurs in people with insomnia, as well as anxiety and depression.
- Hypersomnia is observed in eighty percent of patients with this diagnosis.
- Sleep disorders in the REM-phase - in forty percent.
- Restless legs syndrome - in twenty percent of patients with Parkinson's disease.
Thus, various sleep disorders often occur with neurodegenerative diseases, and this, undoubtedly, worsens the quality of life of patients.
Such violations can manifest the initial stage of one of these diseases,so it's important to treat them with all attention.
Dr. Estefania Segura compared the main sleep disorders with manifestations of mental illnesses: schizophrenia, depression, increased anxiety.
All these manifestations are associated with problems with sleep. The same can be said about post-traumatic stress.
We advise you to read: Tremor: not always its cause is Parkinson's disease
Sleep Disorders and Alzheimer's Disease
As M. stresses Vitello and S. Borson, the authors of the article published on the portal Laboratorios Bagó, the current increase in the average life expectancy entails an increase in the number of people suffering from senile dementia and in particular a disease Alzheimer's.
Aging, Alzheimer's disease and sleep disorders are closely related to each other.All these forms of deterioration of health significantly impair the quality of human life.
Often patients with this dysgnosis have to be hospitalized because of the constant interruption of sleep. At them disturbances of a dream are expressed much more, than at the people who are not suffering this illness.
Alzheimer's disease is characterized by such sleep disorders:
- Frequent Awakenings
- Reducing the duration of a slow sleep
- Drowsiness during the day
The cause of increased sleep disorders in this disease isdamage to neurons that provide a normal sleep process.
Sleep and awakening respond to the hypothalamus and the "internal clock but in Alzheimer's disease they are not synchronized.