VitiligoIs a skin disease that is accompanied by a change in the natural color of the skin and a partial loss of pigment. The scientific name of this disease is leukoderma. It can affect any part of the human body.If you want to find out why it appears and how to avoid it, rather read our article.
What do I need to know about vitiligo?
Vitiligoor leukodermia isskin disease, which is associated with the withering away of melanocytes (cells that are responsible for the production of melanin pigment and give the skin a characteristic shade). Due to the fact that the cells die, the production of melanin ceases, and white spots appear on the skin.
Depending on the natural color of the skin, the areas lacking pigmentation can be very prominent or hardly noticeable. In people with dark skin, the spots tend to have a characteristic pink tinge, and in people with fair skin, white spots appear on the body.
These spots contrast sharply with the natural color of the skin,they are usually round and of different sizes.
Vitiligo often appears on the following parts of the body: arms, legs, ankles, knees, elbows and face. In more rare cases, this disease affects the genitals, back, torso, legs and hands. It can occur in both men and women.
Leukoderma is an infectious and non-dangerous disease, but nevertheless it is necessary to follow it closely. People suffering from vitiligo can face psychological problems and experience shame, fear, suffering fromdepressionand low self-esteem.
Why does vitiligo appear?
Science still does not know exactly what causes leukodermia, but several possible sources of this disease have been found:.
Immune system disorders
Violations of the body's defenses, stress, immunosuppressive diseases or surgical interventions may interfere with the formation of antibodies and promote rapid damage to cells responsible for production melanin.
It is believed that a person can get sick of vitiligo after a violent tragedy (the death of a loved one, divorce, loss of work), or if at the moment he suffers from stress, nervousness and anxiety.
This fact has not been proved yet, but some people really suffer from leukodermia in the same way as their parents or grandfather with grandmother. Be that as it may, a very small number of patients suffering from vitiligo have in their genealogical tree similar cases.
At present, the connection between vitiligo and neurotransmitters is being studied. It is assumed that these factors can negatively affect the cells that produce melanin. Among some reasons for such changes:.
- abnormal thyroid function
- hormonal changes (pregnancy, menopause)
- serious diseases (diabetes mellitus, Ellison disease, malignant anemia)
Means for treatment of vitiligo
At the moment, the medications prescribed for patients with leukoderma are very expensive, ineffective and slow.Because of this, most patients stop taking these medications within a few weeks or months.
There is also invasive therapy that restores skin pigment, but it is very painful, costly, and few professionals are qualified enough to carry it out. In some cases, a skin transplant can be performed.
There are also agents that activate melanin production, such as corticosteroids and psoralens, but they have noticeable side effects.
There are many natural remedies that can improve the skinvitiligo. These include:
Evening primrose oil
In pharmacies and shops of natural cosmetics, this oil is sold in capsules of 500 mg.
The benefits of aloe vera for skin have long been known. You just need to make a long deep cut on the stalk or aloe leaf, remove the flesh from it and apply it to problem areas of the skin every day before going to bed.
They will not help get rid of vitiligo, but thanks to them the situation will not worsen. Remember thatthe damaged skin lacks a natural protective barrier of pigment against ultraviolet rays,burnsfrom which can be very painful.
To avoid the occurrence of severe sunburn, never go out without a sunscreen with a high protection factor (at least from 40 SPF) or sunscreen for people and children with very sensitive skin.
In order not to worsen your condition, try to avoid unnecessary stress,which is the primary cause of many diseases, including leukoderma. It is also very important to protect the skin by covering it with clothing, not to be in the sun in the middle of the day, especially in the summer, and always protect the head with a hat or a handkerchief.