Oral cancer: symptoms, risk factors and prevention

Canceroral cavityrefers to the same type as brain cancer or neck. Tumors that appear in these parts of the body,there are two types:

  • Carcinomas, which are located on the inner shells of the mouth.
  • Adenocarcinomas, which are located in the glandular cells.

As with other types of cancer, veryit is important to know the possible symptoms and how to prevent the formation of a tumor.

If to diagnose this disease at the initial stage, the chances of successful treatment without surgery are very high.

Oral cancer and its main symptoms

Oral Canceris easy enough to recognize. It can begin asThe usual wound, which for some reason does not healfor a long time (several weeks).

But despite the fact that this is the mostan obvious symptom, he is not the only one,there may be others:

  • Appearance of white spots in the oral cavity
  • Unexplained bleeding
  • Difficulty with chewing, problems with jaw mobility
  • Hoarseness or change of voice
  • Loss of sensitivity or pain in any part of the mouth, face or neck
  • The appearance of lumps in the lips, gums or other parts of the oral cavity
  • Unexplained pain in the ears

Many of these symptoms may appear for other reasons. However, if you noticed at once 2 or 3 of the above, it is better not to postpone the trip to the doctor and do the necessary examinations.

Oral cancer: risk factors

Like other types of oncology, oral cancerdevelops under the influence of certain factors.


And despite the fact that the disease can occur in people who are not part of the so-called "risk group it is important to monitor your health and be especially careful if you:

1. Smoke

The exact causes of oral cancer are unknown, but smoking is one of the most influential factors that stimulate the development of this disease.

Cigarette smoke irritates the oral mucosa, andin 60% of cases is associated with the appearance of oral cancer.

Chewing tobacco also causes irritation, since it has direct contact with the tissues of the mucous membranes.

If you still smoke, then, of course, it is desirable to gradually get rid of this harmful habit. Fortunately, now there are many different ways to do this. Believe me, your efforts are worth it, becauseSmoking negatively affects our health in general and can cause the development of many diseases, including oncology.


2. Often drink alcoholic beverages

Excessive consumption of alcohol is another reason for the development of oral cancer. Do you often drink alcoholic beverages? And smoke too?

Then you should often check your mouth for any symptoms, because the risk of malignant tumors significantly increases.

Ideally, it would be to get rid of these bad habits, and the sooner, the better. It is known that some types of alcoholic beverages can even be useful for health (red dry wine, for example), buthere the key concept is moderation.

3. Have relatives suffering from oncology

Family history is the next risk factor. If someone from your relatives has already experienced oral cancer, you should be especially attentive to yourself. Try to pass the examination with a doctor at least once a year.

Warn your dentist that you have had cases of oncology in your family,so that he more thoroughly examines your oral cavity.

Such examinations can play the most important role for early diagnosis of the disease. A dentist can see those areas of the mouth that are not available to you.

In addition, you can always ask your doctor if you need to take any additional measures: take tests, undergo a survey, etc.

4. Suffer from sexually transmitted diseases

Most people still believe that sexually transmitted diseases are either HIV or AIDS.

This is the most serious, do not argue, but there are others, which also can not be overlooked.

One of these diseases is human papillomavirus (HPV). It has many subtypes and not all of them are deadly.

But those that can cause significant harm to our health,have the ability to cause the development of oral cancer(infection occurs by the oral route).

Not less importantvisit the gynecologist on a regular basisand monitor their sexual health.

It is enough once a year to take a Pap smear (a cytologic smear) to exclude possible problems.

Tips for preventing this type of oncology

For the prevention of the development of oral cancer and the successful fight against it, it is important:

  • Pay close attention to any changes and the above symptoms;
  • While brushing teethPay attention to bleeding and wounds that do not heal for a long time.(10-15 days);
  • In time to notice frequent pain in the throat, hoarseness or changes in the voice, as well as difficulty in moving the jaw;
  • Maintain a balanced diet;
  • Do not smoke or chew tobacco;
  • Drink alcoholic beverages moderately.
. .

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