People who are diagnosed with a hematological disease are becoming more and more. These are diseases such as leukemia, aplastic anemia, lymphoma, immunodeficiency ...For their treatment, as a rule, bone marrow transplantation is required.
The problem is that, for example, in the United States only 25-30% of those who need such a transplant can find a donor who has so-called tissue compatibility with them, among his relatives.
The rest should hope to find a compatible donor among people who are not related to them by kinship.
Fortunately, the number of volunteer donors is also growing, and theirthere are now more than 22 million (they represent 48 countries).
But the donor, as already mentioned, must be compatible - 100%! - with the patient, and, according to experts, only one person out of 40 thousand is such a donor.
What is the bone marrow?
Bone marrow is a spongy tissue thatis inside certain bones of the body. Its main function is the formation, maturation and washing away of the formed elements of blood into the bloodstream.
It also contains stem cells, which play a very important role in various tissues of the body.
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How is the bone marrow handled?
From the upper edge of the pelvic bonesa small part is removedbone marrow(this is liquid)..
This is done using a syringe under general or epidural anesthesia. The procedure is performed in specialized medical centers.
The bone marrow of donors is fully restored(approximately in a month).
If the transplantation is successful, the patient's bone marrow and the ability of the body to hematopoiesis are restored.
Is there a risk in donating?
By itself, taking a small part of the cat's brain carries no risk.The risk, rather, can be associated with the use of anesthesia.
After taking the bone marrow, a person may experience a small pain in the appropriate place, but usually it takes several days.
Who can become a donor?
Becoming a bone marrow donor is not difficult, you just have to meet certain requirements:
- Have an excellent health status.
- Be at least 18 and not older than 55 years.
- Weigh not less than 50 kilograms.
- Fill in the necessary documents and take a blood test.
- Do not have diseases transmitted through the blood.
- Do not undergo surgery for a year, tattooing, piercing and invasive examinations.
- Do not have sex at risk.
- Not to have in the last 10 days a fever, diarrhea, nausea.
- Do not use drugs.
- Do not eat solid food for five hours before donating blood.
What does it mean to be a donor of the bone marrow?
Donation of bone marrow all over the world is voluntary and altruistic.
It is based on the principle of international solidarity. Each donor is ready to help any patient in the world with which he has compatibility.
Only in Spain, every year 5000 new cases of leukemia are diagnosed, andthree out of every four patients do not have compatible relatives.
Becoming a donor means giving hope to the only possible treatment for hundreds of people who need it.
This is a personal decision of a person, which can give hope for the life of many patients with leukemia and other blood diseases.
Donation is paid?
Donors do not receive any monetary compensation,since, as mentioned above, donorship is an act of solidarity and altruism.
Costs associated with bone marrow transplantation are assumed by specialized medical centers and funds.
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Can I leave the register of donors?
Since the physical condition of a person and his personal circumstances can always change,donors can leave the registry at any time, when they consider it necessary.
But before entering into donors, it is recommended to think things over very well.It is assumed that the donor will not leave the registry without very serious reasons, because this will depend on the life of another person.
Were you interested in learning about such a donation? If you decide to become a donor,address in the specialized center, located in your country, and get all the necessary information for this.
You have the opportunity to save lives, or at least try to do it.