Why do white spots appear on the nails?

Leukonichia is widespread in people all over the world,although the name of this disease is not at everyone's ears.It is a disease of the nails, manifested as white or yellow spots on the nail plate, similar to small bands or dots.

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The origin of such spots is an occasion for various speculations and delusions. For example, in some countries it is believed that the speck appears as a result of a lie or deceit produced by the owner of the nails. Closer to science is the explanation of stains with a deficitcalciumin the body, but this is also incorrect.

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Causes of the disease

Do not believe the rumors: the only explanation for this problem is that white spots on the nail plate usually arise as a result of the inflammatory process or injury to the nail phalanx of the finger, which leads to anomalous keratinization of this region. There is a pathological change in the structurenail, and between the layers of the plate appear microscopic air bubbles that look outside like strips or spots. Here is what Dr. Pablo Unamuno, the head of the Department of Dermatology at the Clinical Hospital in St. Petersburg, tells us about this. Salamanca (Spain): "

The nail grows on average by one millimeter for ten days, so a spot in the middle of the nail plate indicates that the process began two to three months ago".

Dr. Rosa Senan confirms this fact and stresses that even minor nail injuries or injuries, incorrect or aggressive manicure or too strong cutting of the cuticle provokes the appearance of a violation of the structure of the nail plate.

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Are there any therapies?

In fact, there are no ways to get rid of leikonihia.It remains only to wait until the healthy nail grows and you can cut the place where the stain appeared. The only way to disguise trouble is nail polish of a dark color.

In case you noticed a single spot, do not worry.However, ifnail platethere is a transverse band from edge to edge, there is an occasion to consult a specialist. The dermatologist will carry out the necessary diagnostics, find out the cause and prescribe the appropriate treatment. In addition, consult a doctor if the color of the nails has changed markedly: it has become darker or lighter. «In this case, the problem is not in the plate itself, but in the nail bed (under it), which may indicate the development of an internal disease or inflammatory process Warns Professor Unamuno.

How to avoid the appearance of white spots

The main rules that should be followed to protect nails from leikonihia are as follows:

  • it is necessary to constantly moisturizeskinhands and nails
  • In no case should you use sharp objects and brushes to clean the inner surface of your nails
  • It is impossible to file and polish the nails too much or long, it will injure the nail plate
  • and, of course, do not forget about a balanced diet.
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