- 1What is a focal neoplasm?
2Types of echogenic formations in the kidneys
- 4Symptoms of the disease
- 5Diagnostic measures
6Treatment of tumoral processes
- 6.1Hypoechoic formations
- 6.2Echogenic focal formation
- 7Preventive measures
To identify focal, hyper hypoechoic formation in the kidney is difficult enough, because a person does not experience any symptoms. This is the main danger of tumor processes. After all, if medical care is not available on time, there is a high probability of serious complications. Therefore it is important to know which signs can help to suspect the problem and how to determine what is preventing the normal functioning of the kidney.
What is a focal neoplasm?
Focal education is a tumor of a malignant or benign nature.Developed in children and adults. The tumor is formed due to the proliferation of tissue structures, which contain healthy and pathological cells. Malignant formations arise
|Types of neoplasms||Characteristic|
|Cyst||Tumor in the cavity of which contains liquid|
|Adenoma||It develops from the glandular epithelium|
|Fibroma||Formed from fibrous connective tissue|
|Angioma||Consists of overgrown vessels|
|Myoma||It affects the muscle tissue|
|Papilloma||Occurs on the mucous membranes|
|Hemangioma||It was provoked by the process of proliferation of parenchymal tissue|
|Dermoid||Formation of cystic type|
Types of echogenic formations in the kidneys
The formation of increased echogenicity differs from surrounding tissues in structure. It is very dense, so waves are well reflected in ultrasound research. On the ultrasound monitor, hyperechoic formations in the kidney are displayed as white spots. Most often, the echogenicity of the renal parenchyma is enhanced if stones (concrements) are present in it. Because of them, during examination, other objects in the body cavity can not be seen. The size of the kidneys can be increased. The presence of kidney stones indicates dysfunction of the kidneys, their sinuses and problems with metabolism.Back to contents
The hypoechoic structure of education does not cope well with the reflection of ultrasonic waves, since it is less dense than in the parenchyma of the kidney. A similar structure is characteristic of liquid fabric materials. These include blood clots or pus, cysts and certain types of tumors. Reduced echogenicity of the kidney due to the presence of education in it is less dangerous for human life. Hypoehogenous formation on the kidney in a child and in an adult is more common. The cause of inflammation is the inflammatory process in the organ, and the hematomas remain after bleeding. If ultrasound reveals the formation of a hypoechoic type, this indicates a pathology of the bowl-and-pelvic system. A kidney sinus can be affected.Back to contents
The isoechoic formation has a similar density with the surrounding kidney tissues. Therefore, there are no problems with the passage of ultrasound and the pathology is clearly visible on the monitor. Isoehogenicity is typical for manifestations of cancer diseases and various kidney defects. Usually defects occur in a person in infancy and remain for life. On ultrasound is displayed as a heterogeneous spot with uneven edges.Back to contents
Anaeconomic formations in the kidneys differ from the previous types in that their structure is not capable of reflecting ultrasound. Blood and urine are considered anechoic. To accurately determine the type of pathology and to find out what the anehogenous formation is, additional studies are being carried out. Ultrasound can reveal a dark spot located on top of the kidney. As a result of refining studies it turns out that this cyst is located not on the kidney, but on the liver, diaphragm or spleen. Dark spots, located close to the right or left kidney, may indicate the presence of hematoma.Back to contents
The emergence of foci of neoplasms is due to the fact that the body's protection from negative influences is reduced. The prerequisite for the appearance of cancer and benign tumors is also considered a genetic predisposition. The exact causes of the onset of the disease are unknown, but there are factors that can trigger the development process. Provoke the formation of pathological formations can:
- traumatization of the body;
- toxicity poisoning;
- kidney diseases of a chronic nature;
- chronic renal failure and the need for frequent hemodialysis;
- abuse of hormonal and analgesic agents;
- malnutrition with a lot of fat.
Symptoms of the disease
The focus of neoplasms can in no way influence the vital activity of a person for a long time, that is, it is in the stage of latent development.Often, tumors do not exceed 3 cm in size.Since the process of their development is slow, the person does not notice any symptoms. It is possible to detect the focus at random during ultrasound. If the disease is in a neglected stage, then the patient will have such signs:
- discharge of blood in the urine;
- painful sensations in the region of the right / left kidney, waist, abdomen;
- When palpation is carried out, one can grope for a rounded volumetric formation.
At an early stage, the change in the renal structure is not accompanied by any signs. Blood can be excreted in the urine, but in such a small amount that it is possible to detect this problem only with the help of a microscope. For the patient visually everything is normal. The more inclusions in the kidneys, the more often a person begins to suffer from pain. Initially, this phenomenon is taken for problems with the spine. Painful sensations arise because the volumetric formation in the kidneys compresses the blood vessels and presses against the wall of the pelvis.
In addition, the proliferation of the tumor to large sizes provokes renal dysfunction. The first reaction is an increase in blood pressure. In the future appears:
- weakness in the whole body;
- weight loss;
- a syndrome of squeezing the inferior vena cava (deep vein thrombosis, edema on the legs, malfunctioning of the liver, and others).
To identify the patient's presence of education in the kidney are conducted:
- X-ray examination;
- ultrasound (ultrasound);
- urography (X-ray of kidneys with contrast);
- nephroscintigraphy is a radioisotope study that reveals whether the kidneys work properly;
- magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
To determine the good quality or malignancy of education, a biopsy is performed. The doctor cuts off a piece of the tumor for further microscopic and histological examination. In addition, to confirm the data obtained with the help of other methods of research, a blood and urine test is given. The results determine the further strategy of treatment of the patient.Back to contents
Treatment of tumoral processes
If a hypoechoic formation hides congenital pathology, the doctor decides to closely monitor the patient. When a problem threatens the normal functioning of the organ, a surgical removal of the anomaly is performed with the help of kidney plastic. If the patient has suffered a trauma, and a kidney has formed in the kidney cavity, it does not require therapy, since it soon passes on its own. Serious measures are taken when the accumulation of blood negatively affects the kidneys. For the therapy of suppuration in the kidneys, medicines are used. Surgery is required only in extreme cases. And cysts do not require radical treatment.The doctor can decide how to treat the patient, based on the results of the analyzes and studies.Back to contents
Echogenic focal formation
The choice of method of treatment directly depends on the type of education and its size. When the patient has no symptoms and small formations, constant monitoring of the doctor is necessary. If there is no growth and life activity of a person, nothing prevents, therapy is not applied. Changes that lead to kidney dysfunction, active growth of education are considered to be signals for an operative intervention. Echocardal foci of benign nature are surgically removed, and doctors usually manage to keep the kidney. Malignant formations require radical therapy, so complete removal of the damaged kidney is performed.
In addition to the surgical method of treatment, chemotherapy and irradiation are used. They are necessary in the presence of cancerous tumors. Most often act as an auxiliary therapy to suppress the development of malignant tumors. Apply before the surgery to remove the education and after. Can be the basis of therapy if it is impossible to cut out the tumor.Back to contents
Many diseases that provoke a pathological change in the kidney structure can be avoided by adhering to certain rules. A person should lead a healthy lifestyle: be active enough physically, correctly and in a balanced way to eat, give up bad habits (smoking, drinking alcohol). It is important not to overstrain yourself and avoid stressful situations. But even in this way of life, focal lesions of the kidneys can occur. Therefore, you need to carefully monitor your health and, if you have any worrisome symptoms, consult a doctor.